Climate Change and Tourism
Dr. David Viner, Dr. Maureen Agnew

This poster summarises a report commissioned by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF-UK)and a paper prepared for the International Conference on Tourism and Hospitality in the 21st Century (11-14th January,2000,University of Surrey).These publications review the impacts of climate change for a wide range of international holiday destinations visited by UK tourists.

What do climate models tell us about the winter North Atlantic Oscillation?
Timothy J. Osborn, Phil D. Jones

This poster builds upon the earlier work of Osborn et al. (1999), Ulbrich et al. (1999), Zorita & Gonzalez-Ruoco (2000) and others, in evaluating and applying climate model simulations to answer a number of questions about the North Atlantic Oscillation. This study expands the comparison to include six different global climate models, and is being written up with full details and an extended discussion for submission to a scientific journal. Throughout this work, seasonal-mean winter (December to March) sea level pressure (SLP) data are used, and the North Atlantic Oscillation and its index are defined as the leading empirical orthogonal function (EOF) and associated principal component (PC) time series of the Atlantic half of the Northern Hemisphere SLP field.

Suitability of the 3D radiosonde temperature field for climate change detection and attribution studies
P.W. Thorne, P.D. Jones, T.J. Osborn, T.D. Davies, S.F.B. Tett, D.E. Parker

Presented at RMS 150th Anniversary Conference (July 2000), Cambridge, UK

Previous climate change detection and attribution studies have considered either surface patterns of temperature change or zonally averaged vertical profiles of temperature change. Here we investigate the potential for using the full field of upper air radiosonde temperartures from the HadRT2.1 dataset in formal detection and attribution studies. These are compared qualitatively with output from ensemble simulations with the HadCM2 climate model under various forcings provided through the Climate Impacts LINK Project.

Severe Windstorms in Europe
Clair Hanson, Jean Palutikof, Tom Holt

Europe is vulnerable to the impact of storms developing across the North Atlantic. Investigating changes in the behaviour of these storms can help us mitigate against the severest events to minimize human and economic losses. This study focuses on the variations in storm activity across the North Atlantic and the impact of storms on Northwest Europe by developing a storm climatology of the region and a storm damage model.

Intra-Ring Growth Parameters In Dendrochronology
Thomas M. Melvin, Keith R. Briffa

Presented at International Meeting on Dendrochronology (April 2000), Mendoza, Argentina

This work forms part on an ongoing project to examine the modelling of tree ring growth and the changing sensitivity of that growth to climate.The independence of the common signals from intra-ring parameters in terms of crossdating ability and the changing relationships of these signals with climate on inter-annual to inter-decadel timescales is examined.

The potential for gaining added dendrochronological "value" by using sub-ring parameters rather than simple total ring-width data is explored in example northern boreal locations, Rorstaddalen and Borareloa in western Norway. Two sites of Pinus sylvestris L. were chosen where there is a long meteorological record and an expectation of a strong positive response to summer temperature.

Large-scale temperature information in tree-ring density data
Keith R. Briffa, Timothy J. Osborn, Fritz H. Schweingruber, Stepan G. Shiyatov, Eugene A. Vaganov, Philip D. Jones, Ian C. Harris

There now exists a growing network of temperature-sensitive tree-ring density chronologies spanning much of the higher-latitude and high-elevation regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Here we present several illustrations of the large regional-scale nature of the temperature signal in many of these data collected from generally cool and moist sites spread across the western United States, Canada, Europe, Fennoscandia and northern Siberia. We show some examples of the information that has been gleaned about past temperature variability from these data.

Changes in the intensity of daily precipitation over the UK
Timothy J. Osborn, Mike Hulme, Phil D. Jones, Phil A. Reid

  • Introduction
  • Data and method
  • What trends have occurred over recent decades?
  • What changes are predicted for the future?

The Potential Impact of Climate Change in the Norfolk Arable Land Management Initiative (NALMI) Area over the next 30-50 Years
David Viner, Andrew Jordan, Irene Lorenzoni, David Favis-Mortlock

This poster presents climate change scenarios up to the 2050s and related impacts for the NALMI area of Norfolk. In this work funded by the Countryside Agency we analysed the impacts of climate change upon the thirteen parishes of the NALMI Region.